maximilien ii d'autriche

02 Déc 2020, par dans Uncategorized

Browse upcoming and past auction lots by Sofonisba Anguissola. Archduke of Austria, Duke of Burgundy, Brabant, Styria, Carinthia, Carniola, Luxemburg, Württemberg, the Upper and Lower Silesia, Prince of Swabia, Margrave of the Holy Roman Empire, Burgau, Moravia, the Upper and Lower Lusatia, Princely Count of Habsburg, Tyrol, Ferrette, Kyburg, Gorizia, Landgrave of Alsace, Lord of the Wendish March, Pordenone and Salins, etc. This arrangement was not carried out, and is only important because the insistence of the emperor seriously disturbed the harmonious relations that had hitherto existed between the two branches of the Habsburg family; an illness that befell Maximilian in 1552 was attributed to poison given to him in the interests of his cousin and brother-in-law, Philip II of Spain. In the 1550s, Vienna had more than 50,000 inhabitants, making it the largest city in Central Europe with Prague and before Nuremberg (40,000 inhabitants). On 13 September 1548 Emperor Charles V married Maximilian to Charles's daughter (Maximilian's cousin) Maria of Spain in the Castile residence of Valladolid. Attention: Wife (Marie d'Autriche) is also his cousin. Maximilian temporarily acted as the emperor's representative in Spain, however not as stadtholder of the Habsburg Netherlands as he had hoped for. Archduchess Marie of Austria (27 July 1555 – 25 June 1556). Böngésszen milliónyi szót és kifejezést a világ minden nyelvén. Although data is often retrieved from public archives, the searching, interpreting, collecting, selecting and sorting of the data results in a unique product. [4] While his cousin was reserved and shy, Maximilian was outgoing and charismatic. He is buried in St. Vitus Cathedral in Prague. Archduke Frederick of Austria (21 June 1562 – 16 January 1563). While his father Ferdinand concluded the 1552 Treaty of Passau with the Protestant estates and finally reached the Peace of Augsburg in 1555, Maximilian was engaged mainly in the government of the Austrian hereditary lands and in defending them against Ottoman incursions. A list of names from the publication appears. He implemented the Roman School of composition with his court orchestra, however, his plans to win Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina as Kapellmeister foundered on financial reasons. On his part Maximilian granted religious liberty to the Lutheran nobles and knights in Austria, and refused to allow the publication of the decrees of the council of Trent. Eventually Maximilian remained nominally an adherent of the older faith, although his views were tinged with Lutheranism until the end of his life. Jan 23, 2015 - Anthonis Mor, Portrait of Mary of Austria, wife of Maximilian II (detail) 1551 Maximilian would gather a large army and march to fight the Ottomans, but neither the Habsburgs nor the Ottomans would achieve much of anything from this conflict. November 4 » Eighty Years' War: In Flanders, Spain captures Antwerp (after three days the city is nearly destroyed). Do not use this data until you have checked it, preferably at the source (the archives). 16 avril 1481: François II et Maximilien d'Autriche signent un traité d'alliance contre Louis XI. Do you have supplementary information, corrections or questions with regards to empereur Maximilien II d'Autriche?The author of this publication would love to hear from you! Maximilien II d'Autriche was born on July 31, 1527, son of Ferdinand Ier d'Autriche and Anne Jagellon. May 16 » The Florentines drive out the Medici for a second time and Florence re-establishes itself as a republic. Maximilien Ier archiduc d'Autriche (empereur du Mexique) Licensing . He disappointed the German Protestant princes by his refusal to invest Lutheran administrators of prince-bishoprics with their imperial fiefs. Named after her deceased older sister. Maximilian was born in Vienna, Austria, the eldest son of the Habsburg archduke Ferdinand I, younger brother of Emperor Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, and the Jagiellonian princess Anne of Bohemia and Hungary (1503–1547). L'archiduc Jean-Baptiste d'Autriche, à la tête de deux corps d'armée, tente d'envahir le nord de l'Italie. He also was faced with the ongoing Ottoman–Habsburg wars and rising conflicts with his Habsburg Spain cousins. Meraviglioso il Castello di Miramare che si affaccia sul golfo di Trieste, a pochi chilometri a nord della città, e venne costruito per volere di Massimiliano d'Asburgo , arciduca d'Austria e imperatoredel Messico e successivamente fu dimora del Duca Amedeo d'Aosta. [5] Also, he was considered a promising commander, while Philip disliked war and only once personally commanded an army. Scopri Maximilien: Archiduc D'Autriche, Empereur Du Mexique. Amidst general expectations on the part of the Protestants he met his first summoned Diet of Augsburg in March 1566. Guarda gli esempi di traduzione di Maximilien nelle frasi, ascolta la pronuncia e impara la grammatica. In September 1563 he was crowned King of Hungary by the Archbishop of Esztergom, Nicolaus Olahus, and on his father's death, in July 1564, he succeeded to the empire and to the kingdoms of Hungary, Croatia and Bohemia. He was unable, however, to obtain the consent of Pope Pius IV to the marriage of the clergy, and in 1568 the concession of communion in both kinds to the laity was withdrawn. He was married on September 13, 1548 to Marie d'Autriche, they had 3 children. search for your ancestors and publish your family tree, empereur Maximilien II d'Autriche (1527-1576), https://www.genealogieonline.nl/rois-europe/I31500.php, A genealogical internet service provided by. Maximilien de Hohenberg, né le 29 septembre 1902 à Vienne, mort le 8 janvier 1962 à Vienne. Carlotta del Belgio (nome completo in francese Marie Charlotte Amélie Augustine Victoire Clémentine Léopoldine; Laeken, 7 giugno 1840 – Meise, 19 gennaio 1927), nata principessa del Belgio, divenne arciduchessa d'Austria e imperatrice del Messico grazie alle sue nozze con Massimiliano I Il est un prince européen des XVe et XVIe siècles. They come from many sources and are not checked. The new emperor had already shown that he believed in the necessity for a thorough reform of the Church. Maximilian II was a member of the Order of the Golden Fleece. State from whom you have copied the data and ideally also his/her original source. He proposed that his consent should be necessary before any soldiers for foreign service were recruited in the empire; but the estates were unwilling to strengthen the imperial authority, the Protestant princes regarded the suggestion as an attempt to prevent them from assisting their co-religionists in France and the Netherlands, and nothing was done in this direction, although some assistance was voted for the defense of Austria. Maximilian's policies of religious neutrality and peace in the Empire afforded its Roman Catholics and Protestants a breathing space after the first struggles of the Reformation. Archduchess Eleanor of Austria (4 November 1568 – 12 March 1580). of Aragon", "Habsburg, Elisabeth von Oesterreich (Königin von Polen)", Maximilian Franz, Archbishop-Elector of Cologne, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Maximilian_II,_Holy_Roman_Emperor&oldid=977418251, Candidates for the Polish elective throne, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from May 2018, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. In 1570 the emperor met the diet of Speyer and asked for aid to place his eastern borders in a state of defence, and also for power to repress the disorder caused by troops in the service of foreign powers passing through Germany. May 1 » Stephen Báthory, the reigning Prince of Transylvania, marries Anna Jagiellon and they become co-rulers of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. Archduke Ferdinand of Austria (28 March 1551 – 25 June 1552). He also came in contact with the Lutheran teaching and early on corresponded with the Protestant prince Augustus of Saxony, suspiciously eyed by his Habsburg relatives. Be warned. After several refusals he consented in 1560 to the banishment of Pfauser, and began again to attend the Masses of the Catholic Church. Fears were freely expressed that he would definitely leave the Catholic Church, and when his father Ferdinand became emperor in 1558 he was prepared to assure Pope Paul IV that his son should not succeed him if he took this step. ma con le concordanze dal Le Glay, Gorrcspondance de Maximilien I et de Marguèritc d'Autriche, Parigi 1S39, II, 466 sg. He died in Vienna, Austria. By his wife Maria he had a family of ten sons and six daughters. Portrait présumé de Maximilien II d'Autriche (1527-1576), by Sofonisba ANGUISCIOLA (c.1530-1625) Oil/ivoire (ovale), 5 x 3 7/8 in 12.8 x 9.69 cm. He was crowned King of Bohemia in Prague on 14 May 1562 and elected King of Germany (King of the Romans) on 24 November 1562. He was succeeded by his eldest surviving son, Rudolf, who had been chosen king of the Romans in October 1575. He was the first King of the Romans not to be crowned in Aachen. Though a Habsburg and a Catholic, he approached the Lutheran Imperial estates with a view to overcome the denominational schism,[further explanation needed] which ultimately failed. Meanwhile, the relations between Maximilian and Philip of Spain had improved, and the emperor's increasingly cautious and moderate attitude in religious matters was doubtless because the death of Philip's son, Don Carlos, had opened the way for the succession of Maximilian, or of one of his sons, to the Spanish throne. etc. His reign also saw the high point of Protestantism in Austria and Bohemia and unlike his successors, Maximilian did not try to suppress it. Maximilien III de Habsbourg, archiduc d'Autriche, mieux connu sous le nom Massimiliano Maître Teutonique, était le troisième fils de l'empereur Maximilien II et Maria de l'Espagne. Maximilien Ier du Saint Empire fordítása a francia - magyar szótárban, a Glosbe ingyenes online szótárcsaládjában. According to Fichtner, Maximilian failed to achieve his three major aims: rationalizing the government structure, unifying Christianity, and evicting the Turks from Hungary.[3]. The court held close ties to the University of Vienna and employed scholars like the botanist Carolus Clusius and the diplomat Ogier Ghiselin de Busbecq. Type the first letters of the first or last name (at least 3 letters) in the input field. This information is part of by on Genealogy Online. While Philip had been raised a Spaniard and barely travelled out of the kingdom during his life, Maximilian identified himself as the quintessential German prince and often displayed a strong dislike of Spaniards, whom he considered as intolerant and arrogant. Enter your e-mail address and you will receive the monthly, free Genealogy Online newsletter (in English) with new pedigrees and news and tips on the largest genealogy website in the Netherlands and Belgium. August 8 » The cornerstone for Tycho Brahe's Uraniborg observatory is laid on the island of Hven. March 25 » Jerome Savage takes out a sub-lease to start the Newington Butts Theatre outside London. Fils de l'empereur du Saint-Empire romain germanique Maximilien Ier et de Marie, duchesse de Bourgogne, il meurt avant … François-Annibal era figlio del marchese Antonio IV d'Estrées e di sua moglie, Françoise Babou de La Bourdaisière nonché fratello di Gabrielle d'Estrées, amante di Enrico IV di Francia.Destinato inizialmente alla carriera ecclesiastica, successivamente preferì intraprendere quella militare ed entrò nell'esercito francese dove raggiunse rapidamente il grado di tenente generale. Title: Portrait d'Anne d'Autriche, fille de l'Empereur Maximilien II, Reine d'Espagne, femme de Philippe II, ca. A partir de 1585 partir, il est devenu Fils de François-Ferdinand d'Autriche et de Sophie Chotek, duchesse de Hohenberg, Maximilien de Hohenberg épousa en 1926 Élisabeth de Walburg de Wolfegg et Waldsee. Found 1 sentences matching phrase "Maximilien II du Saint-Empire".Found in 2 ms. A genealogical internet service provided by Coret Genealogy. Maximilian's power was very limited; it was inability rather than unwillingness that prevented him from yielding to the entreaties of Pope Pius V to join in an attack on the Turks both before and after the victory of Lepanto in 1571; and he remained inert while the authority of the empire in north-eastern Europe was threatened. The relationship between the two cousins was uneasy. In 1551 Maximilian attended the Council of Trent and the next year took up his residence at Hofburg Palace in Vienna, celebrated by a triumphal return into the city with a large entourage including the elephant Suleiman. Correspondance de l'empereur Maximilien Ier et de Marguerite d'Autriche ... de 1507 à 1519 by Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor, 1459-1519; Le Glay, André Joseph Ghislain, 1785-1863; Margaret, of Austria, Regent of the Netherlands, 1480-1530 Found 0 sentences matching phrase "Maximilien II du Saint-Empire".Found in 2 ms. With neither side winning a decisive engagement, Maximilian's ambassadors Antun Vrančić and Christoph Teuffenbach would meet with the Ottoman Grand Vizier Sokollu Mehmed Pasha in Adrianople to negotiate a truce in 1568. Titré duc de Hohenberg en 1917. Request permission to copy data or at least inform the author, chances are that the author gives permission, often the contact also leads to more exchange of data. This failed because of Spanish opposition. Maximilian's rule was shaped by the confessionalization process after the 1555 Peace of Augsburg. Guarda le traduzioni di ‘Maximilien’ in Italiano. He died on October 12, 1576. Sfoglia parole milioni e frasi in tutte le lingue. Generations are numbered by male-line descent from the first archdukes. The religious demands of the Protestants were still unsatisfied, while the policy of toleration had failed to give peace to Austria. Later generations are included although Austrian titles of nobility were abolished in 1919. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/370517/Maximilian-II, "Habsburg, Philipp I. der Schöne von Oesterreich", Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich, "Charles, called The Bold, duke of Burgundy", "Ferdinand V. of Castile and Leon and II. At the time of his birth, his father Ferdinand succeeded his brother-in-law King Louis II in the Kingdom of Bohemia and the Kingdom of Hungary, laying the grounds for the global Habsburg Monarchy. In 1575, Maximilian was elected by the part of Polish and Lithuanian magnates to be the King of Poland in opposition to Stephan IV Bathory, but he did not manage to become widely accepted there and was forced to leave Poland. Philipp Wolfgang, Count of Hanau-Lichtenberg. May 6 » Spanish and German troops sack Rome; many scholars consider this the end of the Renaissance. Maximilian's library curated by Hugo Blotius later became the nucleus of the Austrian National Library. 1575–1599 Medium: oil on panel Maximilian sought the support of the German princes such as Duke Albert V of Bavaria and even contacted Protestant leaders like Maurice of Saxony and Duke Christoph of Württemberg. August 3 » The first known letter from North America is sent by John Rut while at St. John's, Newfoundland. In Vienna, he had his Hofburg residence extended with the Renaissance Stallburg wing, the site of the later Spanish Riding School, and also ordered the construction of Neugebäude Palace in Simmering. Despite Maria's commitment to Habsburg Spain and her strong Catholic manners, the marriage was a happy one. Maximilian II (31 July 1527 – 12 October 1576), a member of the Austrian House of Habsburg, was Holy Roman Emperor from 1564 until his death. The religious views of the future King of Bohemia had always been somewhat uncertain, and he had probably learned something of Lutheranism in his youth; but his amicable relations with several Protestant princes, which began about the time of the discussion over the succession, were probably due more to political than to religious considerations. 10 mai 1481: François II et Edouard IV d'Angleterre signent un traité d'alliance contre Louis XI. Translation memories are created by human, but computer aligned, which might cause mistakes. On 13 September 1548, Maximilian married his first cousin Maria of Spain, daughter of Emperor Charles V and Isabella of Portugal. Be warned. Showing page 1. On his deathbed he refused to receive the last sacraments of the Church. From the age of 17, he gained some experience of warfare during the Italian War campaign of his uncle Charles V against King Francis I of France in 1544, and also during the Schmalkaldic War. Questo sito utilizza cookies tecnici allo scopo di consentire all'Utente la navigazione e la fruizione dei servizi richiesti, e consente altresì l'invio di … June 22 » Fatahillah expels Portuguese forces from Sunda Kelapa, now regarded as the foundation of Jakarta. In November 1562 Maximilian was chosen King of the Romans, or German king, by the electoral college at Frankfurt, where he was crowned a few days later, after assuring the Catholic electors of his fidelity to their faith, and promising the Protestant electors that he would publicly accept the confession of Augsburg when he became emperor. Having spent his childhood years at his father's court in Innsbruck, Tyrol, Maximilian was educated principally in Italy. This functionality is only available in Javascript supporting browsers. His adherence to humanism and religious tolerance put him at odds with Philip who was more committed to the defence of the Catholic faith. He was named after his great-grandfather, Emperor Maximilian I. October 20 » The city of La Paz is founded by Alonso de Mendoza. Among his teachers were humanist scholars like Kaspar Ursinus Velius and Georg Tannstetter. Archduchess Marie of Austria (19 February 1564 – 26 March 1564). He also took the usual oath to protect the Church, and his election was afterwards confirmed by the papacy. Maximilian II (31 July 1527 – 12 October 1576), a member of the Austrian House of Habsburg, was Holy Roman Emperor from 1564 until his death. On 8 September 1563 he was crowned King of Hungary and Croatia in the Hungarian capital Pressburg (Pozsony in Hungarian; now Bratislava, Slovakia). To his indignation, King Ferdinand appointed his younger brother Ferdinand II administrator in the Kingdom of Bohemia, nevertheless Maximilian's right of succession as the future king was recognised in 1549. Maximilian II figures in José Saramago's 2008 novel The Elephant's Journey. In 1780, he became Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights, and in 1784, Archbishop-Elector of Cologne. Now click on the desired name to select the person. On 25 July 1564 he succeeded his father Ferdinand I as ruler of the Holy Roman Empire.[1][2]. In 1794, his domains were overrun by the troops of Revolutionary France. Archduke Charles of Austria (26 September 1565 – 23 May 1566). Maximilien III de Habsbourg, surnommé le Maître allemand (der Deutschmeister), est né le 12 octobre 1558 à Wiener Neustadt en Autriche et mort le 2 novembre 1618 à Vienne (Autriche).Il fut archiduc d'Autriche antérieure et gouverneur du Tyrol. Showing page 1. Scarica subito, scopri Maximilien II su openMLOL. The couple had sixteen children: Maximilian II, by the grace of God elected Holy Roman Emperor, forever August, King in Germany, of Hungary, Bohemia, Dalmatia, Croatia, Slavonia, etc. This page was last edited on 8 September 2020, at 18:42. 2011, France Subscribers only 2011, France Need access to detailed information? -1792-1806 : François II, aussi empereur romain germanique sous le nom de François II Empire d'Autriche En 1804, l'Autriche devient un empire et François II devient empereur sous le nom de François Ier Empereurs d'Autriche-1804-1835 : François Ier -1835-1848 : Ferdinand Ier -1848-1867 : François-Joseph Ier Double monarchie d'Autriche-Hongrie He returned to Germany in December 1550 in order to take part in the discussion over the Imperial succession. By the marriage his uncle intended to strengthen the ties with the Spanish branch of the Habsburgs, but also to consolidate his nephew's Catholic faith. He was a brother of Holy Roman Emperors Joseph II and Leopold II as well as of Queen Marie Antoinette of France. The Ottomans would besiege and conquer Szigetvár in 1566, but their sultan, Suleiman the Magnificent, would die of old age during the siege. Maximilian died on 12 October 1576 in Regensburg while preparing to invade Poland. Another of his sons, Matthias, also became emperor; three others, Ernest, Albert and Maximilian, took some part in the government of the Habsburg territories or of the Netherlands, and a daughter, Elizabeth, married Charles IX of France. ; dal Laborde nella « Revue ar-chéologique » VII (1850) 40 sg., da H. Zimmermann nello « Jahrbuch dei- kunst-historischen Sammlungen des allerhochsten … July 12 » Lê Cung Hoàng ceded the throne to Mạc Đăng Dung, ending the Lê dynasty and starting the Mạc dynasty. The author of this publication would love to hear from you! Copyright protected work may not simply be copied or republished. Archiduc d'Autriche, Roi des Romain (1486-1519), Empereur germanique(1493-1519) Fils de l'empereur Fr d ric III, Maximilien fut lu roi de Germanie en 1486 l'unanimit par les princes allemands et succ da son p re en 1493, mais il ne se fit jamais couronner par le pape. Upon Charles' victory in the 1547 Battle of Mühlberg, Maximilian put in a good word for the Schmalkaldic leaders, Elector John Frederick I of Saxony and Philip I, Landgrave of Hesse, and soon began to take part in Imperial business. Maximilian's relations with his uncle worsened, as Charles V, again embattled by rebellious Protestant princes led by Elector Maurice of Saxony, wished his son Philip II of Spain to succeed him as emperor. Maximilien II du Saint-Empire fordítása a francia - magyar szótárban, a Glosbe ingyenes online szótárcsaládjában. At length a compromise was reached: Philip was to succeed Ferdinand, but during the former's reign Maximilian, as King of the Romans, was to govern Germany. July 11 » While exploring the North Atlantic Ocean in an attempt to find the Northwest Passage, Martin Frobisher sights Greenland, mistaking it for the hypothesized (but non-existent) island of "Frisland". However, Charles' brother Ferdinand, who had already been designated as the next occupant of the imperial throne, and his son Maximilian objected to this proposal. He refused to accede to the demands of the Lutheran princes; on the other hand, although the increase of sectarianism was discussed, no decisive steps were taken to suppress it, and the only result of the meeting was a grant of assistance for the war with the Turks, which had just been renewed. However, in Vienna he became very intimate with Sebastian Pfauser [de], a court preacher influenced by Heinrich Bullinger with strong leanings towards Lutheranism, and his religious attitude caused some uneasiness to his father. Genealogical publications are copyright protected. Details Biographiques di Armand De La Porte: spedizione gratuita per i clienti Prime e per ordini a partire da 29€ spediti da Amazon. Maximilien II du Saint-Empire traduzione nel dizionario francese - italiano a Glosbe, dizionario online, gratuitamente. Nonetheless, the two remained committed to the unity of their dynasty. Maximilien I er Portrait de l'empereur Maximilien I er par Albrecht Dürer . Evidence of this friendly feeling was given in 1570, when the emperor's daughter, Anna, became the fourth wife of Philip; but Maximilian was unable to moderate the harsh proceedings of the Spanish king against the revolting inhabitants of the Netherlands. Yet on a personal basis he granted freedom of worship to the Protestant nobility and worked for reform in the Roman Catholic Church, including the right of priests to marry.

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